Mental Disorder

Stress Fatigue

In our modern lives, everybody experience stress and we all response to stress differently. Many of us believe that stress brings negative effect, but stress can be neutral, negative, or positive experience to our body.
How we perceive and respond to stress is related to how we internalize the changes of external factors. External factors include expectations, challenges, difficulties you are faced with on a daily basis and relationship with others at your job, home and gatherings. Your body’s ability to responds to, and deal with, the external stress-inducing factors are determined by your internal factor. Internal factors include balance of overall health levels, emotional well-being, good nutritional status, and amount of rest.

Symptoms

When a person experience stresses level more than their capacity to tolerate, many different symptoms can appear. The difficulty with stress is that it affects person at a physical, emotional, and even behavioral level.
Most common symptoms can be:

Physical Cognitive Emotional Behavioral
  • Muscles tension
  • Muscle aches
  • Headache
  • Gastrointestinal disturbance
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of sex drive
  • Frequent colds
  • Memory Problem
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Poor Judgment
  • Seeing only the negative
  • Anxious or racing thought
  • Constant worrying
  • Nervousness
  • Anxiety
  • Mood change
  • Irritability
  • Depression
  • Sense of overwhelming
  • Loneliness
  • Overeating
  • Loss of enthusiasms or energy
  • Abuse of alcohol, drugs, smoking
  • Neglecting responsibilities

Naturally, our body has a mechanism to protect ourselves from stress. Our body response is navigated by brain and within a given amount of stress level, our body is able to tolerate by producing natural hormones such as cortisol.

Our body has an internal balance system, homeostasis, which requires three major steps:

1. The brain answers to the immediate stress upon the body. This primary response notifies the adrenal medulla to release epinephrine and norepinephrine.

2. The Hypothoalamus and the pitutitary gland begin the secondary response by singaling the adrenal cortex to release cortisol and other stress fighting hormones.

3. All the hormones released by the brain and adrenal cortex are involved in the behavioral response. This increases alertness, heightened awareness, focuses attentions, inhibits feeding and reproductive behavior reduce pain perception, and redirects behavior.

However, these steps will increase the heart rate, blood pressure, and allocate the blood flow to the heart, large muscles, and brain and away from gastrointestinal tract and releasing fuel to help fight or flee the danger.

 

Anxiety

The exact cause of anxiety disorders is unknown; but anxiety disorders – like other forms of mental illness – are not the result of poor upbringing, poor physical condition, or a character flaw. Every human being experiences anxiety and it is a normal emotional response to the situation. Anyone would feel anxious, or nervous, when faced with a problem at work, before walking into an interview, or making a big commitment. But anxiety disorders can be different. They can cause such distress that it interferes with a person’s ability to lead a normal life.

Type of Anxiety

Generalized Anxiety Disorder(GAD) Obsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD) Post-traumatic Stress Disorder(PSTD) Panic Disorder Specific Phobias Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD)
  • Excessive, unrealistic worry and tension
  • Constant thoughts of fear
  • Uncontrollable, obsessive thoughts
  • Fear of germs
  • Ritualistic behaviors
  • After traumatic and/or event sexual or physical assault
  • Unexpected death of a loved one
  • Natural disaster
  • Frightening thoughts
  • Emotionally numb
  • Feeling of terror without warming
  • Sweating
  • Chest pain
  • Palpitation
  • Feeling of chocking “heart attack”
  • Fear of a specific object or situation
  • Snakes, heights, riding a boat or plane
  • Overwhelming worry and self-consciousness
  • Fear of being judge by others
  • General Symptoms

  • Palpitations
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dry mouth
  • Cold or sweaty hands and/or feet
  • Muscle tension
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Feelings of panic, fear, and uneasiness
  • Nightmares
  • An inability to be still and calm
  • Problems sleeping
  • Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet
  • Repeated thoughts or flashbacks of traumatic experiences
  • Depression

    Many people will have days they might feel unhappy, miserable, sad, blue, or down. Most of us might experience these feelings for short periods of time. But for those with true depression will experience these feelings for a long time.
    The exact cause of depression is not known and many believe it is caused by chemical changes in the brain, mutation of genes, or triggered by certain stressful events. Like any mental disorders, the complexity goes beyond physical symptoms but need to take into account of emotional and cognition.
    People with depression does alter the way we view our self, others, and attitude towards occurring situations.
    Here are few factors and symptoms with depression:

    Factors to consider with depression Symptoms with depression
  • Stressful events
  • – Financial difficulty
    – Relationship issues
    – Conflict with loved ones
    – Verbal or physical abuse
  • Substance abuse
  • Medical condition
  • Insomnia
  • Medication complications
  • Memory issues
  • Anti-social behavior
  • Loss of interest
  • Feeling worthless, guilt
  • Feeling despair
  • Thoughts of suicide
  • Trouble sleeping or too much sleeping
  • Feeling weak and tired all the time
  • Mood changes
  •  

    Eating disorder

    Eating disorder is not going on a diet. It is a disorder caused by serious changes of your everyday diet, such as eating extremely small amounts of food or overeating to a point you are hurting your body. Also, this disorder will not only change you but it will greatly impact your loved ones. The beginning of eating disorder can start at a young age but it can also start late in the adulthood.
    Common eating disorders are anorexia nervosa/bulimia nervosa and compulsive eating/binge-eating disorder.

     

    Anorexia Nervosa / Bulimia Nervosa
    Behavioral Changes Physical Symptoms
    Dramatic weight change in a short period of time
    Fear of gaining weight
    Obsession with calories and fat content of foods
    Excessive exercising
    Visible bingeing and/or purging
    Extreme food restriction and self-starvation
    Frequent trips to bathroom
    Hiding diet pills, laxatives, ipecac syrup
    Isolation, fearing of eating around others
    Hiding food in strange places (i.e. closet) Hair loss
    Pale or grey skin complexion
    Dizziness / Headache
    Frequent sore throats
    Low blood pressure
    Low menstrual cycle
    Constipation
    Incontinence
    Bruised
    Brittle nails

     

    Compulsive eating / Binge Eating Disorder
    Behavioral Changes Physical Symptoms
    Frustration with not being able to control eating
    Trying various different diet plans
    Believing that life will be better after they lose weight
    Guilt trip after food consumption
    Blames society and professional community on weight
    Hiding food in secretive places (i.e. under the bed)
    Leg and joint pain
    Weight gain
    High blood pressure
    Excessive sweating
    Mood swing, depression
    Insomnia
    Gastrointestinal problems
    Severe dehydration

     

    Insomnia

    On average, people spend one third of their lives on sleep. The body restores and repairs when we sleep. Sleep is a very important restoring mechanism to our body and mind.

    Difficulty falling and/or staying asleep is a sleep disorder known as insomnia. Many people with insomnia will experience also waking up often at night and having hard time falling back sleep and waking up very tired. Due to poor sleep cycle, daytime fatigue, sleepiness, irritability, depression or anxiety, difficult focusing on tasks, increased errors, tension headaches, gastrointestinal symptoms, and ongoing worries about sleep might appear as symptoms.

    Pain

    Digestive Disorders

    Metabolic Syndrome

    Skin Disorders

    Women’s Health

    Mental Disorder

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