Skin Disorders

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is not contagious.  But it is a chronic, autoimmune disease that presents on the skin.  It occurs because immune system sends out faulty signals that speed up the growth cycle of skin cells.

There are five types of psoriasis.

  • Plaque psoriasis (most common) – raised, inflamed, red lesions covered by a silvery white scale, found on the elbows, knees, scalp and lower back
  • Guttate – small, red, individual spots on the skin, found on the trunk and limbs
  • Inverse – bright-red lesions, smooth and shiny, found on the armpits, groin, under the breasts, and in other skin folds around the genitals and the buttocks
  • Pustular – white blisters of noninfectious pus surrounded by red skin, found in hands and feet then spread most of the body
  • Erythrodermic – periodic, widespread, fiery redness of the skin and the shedding of scales in sheets

Psoriasis can occur on any part of the body and is associated with other serious health conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease and depression.

 

Acne

Skin Disorders

Acne is a common skin disease that causes pimples.  If hair follicles under your sk

in clog up then pimples are formed.  Common place most pimples form is on the face, neck, back, chest an

d shoulders.  It is common in teenagers and young adults.  Most of the time it is not serious, but it can cause scars in these areas.

No one knows exactly what causes acne.  Some studies shows hormonal changes during the teenage years and pregnancy might play a role.  There are many myths about what causes acne.  Chocolate, sweet and greasy foods are often blamed, but there is little evidence that foods have much effect on acne in most people.


Eczema

Medical term for eczema is atopic dermatitis and many people have it.  Eczema can appear all over the body with characteristics of itchiness and red rash.  Majority of people have it on their elbows or behind their knees.  Babies often have eczema on the face, especially the cheeks and chin.  They can also have it on the scalp, trunk, and outer arms and legs.  Children and adults tend to have eczema in areas that bend, like the inner elbow and knee, and on the neck, wrists, and ankles.

There are no known causes of eczema.  Many doctors think eczema is linked to allergic disease, such as hay fever or asthma.  You may have a family member who has eczema or who has hay fever (allergic rhinitis) or asthma.  But you might have inherited a tendency for eczema.

There are five types of eczema.

  • Atopic Eczema:
    • Associated with an allergic disease with a hereditary component
    • Runs in families whose members also have asthma
    • Usually appears on head and scalp, neck, inside of elbows, behind knees, and buttocks.
  • Contact dermatitis:
    • Allergic – from a delayed reaction to some allergen – poison ivy or nickel
    • Irritant – from a direct reaction to a detergent – sodium lauryl sulfate
    • Both allergen and irritant – wet cement
    • Sunlight exposure, bringing on phototoxic dermatitis.
    • 75% of cases of contact eczema are of the irritant type – the most common occupational skin disease.
    • Contact eczema is curable, provide the offending substance can be avoided and its traces removed from one’s environment.
  • Xerotic eczema:
    •  Dry skin that becomes so serious it turns into eczema
    • Worse with dry winter weather
    • limbs and trunk are most often affected
    • Itchy, tender skin resembles a dry, cracked, river bed.
    • Common among the older population
  • Seborrhoeic dermatitis:
    •  A condition closely related to dandruff
    • Causes dry or greasy peeling of the scalp, eyebrows, and face and trunk
    • Condition is harmless except in severe cases of cradle cap

Anti-aging

A fold, ridge or crease seen on the skin is called wrinkle and it is a natural process.  As skin cells divide slowly due to age, the dermis, the skin’s inner layer begins to thin.  This results in skin to lose its elastic property.  By slowly losing this property of elasticity, the skin is unable to hold on to moisture which leads to making less oil, slow healing process, and dryness.

The human face has underlying muscle covered by 3 layers of skin:

  1. Epidermis – outer layer of skin
  2. Dermis – where collagen and hair follicles are situated
  3. Subcutaneous tissue where blood vessels and fatty tissue reside

Various factors could lead to having a wrinkle such as aging, loss of body mass, habitual facial expressions, sun damage, smoking, poor hydration, and prolonged immersion in water.

Wrinkles are caused by a number of factors as we age:

  1. The muscles in our face become tightened from use, much like the muscles in our neck and shoulders. When the facial muscles tighten, they constrict.
  2. Collagen production slows down in the dermis.
  3. The blood vessels in the subcutaneous tissue constrict causing the fatty tissue to shrink. When those layers constrict, they shrink leaving the skin covering the area to hang like excess material, creasing into folds.

Traditional wrinkle creams may help reduce the appearance of wrinkles by hydrating the outer layer of skin and temporarily pulling the “excess material” taut, but they do not address the underlying problem of a decrease in collagen or muscle shrinkage.

 

Hair Loss

Hair is crucial when you meet someone for the first time and it can be very frustrating if you are having problem with hair loss.  Hair loss (alopecia) can affect just your scalp or your entire body.  It can be the result of heredity, medications or an underlying medical condition.

Baldness refers to as excessive hair loss from your scalp.  Some people prefer to let their baldness run its course untreated and unhidden.  Others may cover it up with hairstyles, makeup, hats or scarves.  And still others choose one of the medications or surgical procedures that are available to treat hair loss.

There are four types of common hair loss:

  • Gradual thinning on top of head
    •  the most common type of hair loss, affecting both men and women
    • In men, hair often begins to recede from the forehead in a line that resembles the letter M.
    • Women typically retain in line of hair at the forehead but experience a broadening of the part of their hair.
  • Circular or patchy bald spots:
    • This type of hair loss usually affects just the scalp and some people experience smooth bald spots, often about an inch across.
    • Sometimes it can occur in beards or eyebrows
    • Your skin may become itchy or painful before the hair falls out
  • Sudden loosening of hair:
    • A physical or emotional shock can cause hair to loosen.
    • Handfuls of hair may come out when combing or washing your hair or even after gentle tugging.
    • This type of hair loss usually causes overall hair thinning and not bald patches
  • Full body hair loss:
    •  Medical treatments such as chemotherapy for cancer can result in the loss of hair all over your body.
    • Hair usually grows back after treatment ends.

Pain

Digestive Disorders

Metabolic Syndrome

Skin Disorders

Women’s Health

Mental Disorder

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